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Kolkata Travel Guide

Kolkata - The Destination

Holidays In Kolkata India

This City of Joy is rightly referred to as the intellectual hub of India. The former political capital of India, Kolkata is one of the four metropolitan cities in India. The city is remembered in association with the largest bridge in India, Howrah Bridge; the first metro train in India, street theatres, football craze, Marxist inclinations, Durga Puja and the hometown of Mother Teresa in India.

Some of the best-built buildings in India to be seen are the colonial buildings  in  Kolkata. The  Victoria Memorial  is the most important

tourist spot in Kolkata, India. Made of glistening white-marble it treasures the memories of the British Raj in India. Changed into a museum, the building today houses the most impressive collection of the artifacts of the British Raj. Fort William constructed in 1781 is a standing witness dedicated to the war of 1756. Indian Museum, built in 1874, is the oldest museum in India and has one of the rare collections of archaeological articles. Kolkata has a unique culture and heritage, totally unlike any other city of India.

If you are a sports lover Eden Gardens is a must check out in Kolkata, India. The garden is a well laid-out garden that has the renowned cricket ground which has been host to several cricket matches. For those spiritually inclined in Kolkata the Kali Mandir is a must visit in India. The temple is dedicated to Kali Ma, the goddess of destruction. The Botanical Gardens in Shibpur beside Hooghly River are also worth visiting in Kolkata. Here, watch out for the 250-year-old banyan tree.

The ethnic food of Kolkata is not to be missed. Sweet curd or mishti doi is regular with all meals. Usual meals will include boiled rice with fish curry, saag, and mutton kalia. Rasgullas and Chumchums are the Bengali sweets that are popular across India.

Kolkata is also a shopper’s paradise. New Market, Kolkata’s oldest and renowned municipal market, offers one of the best souvenirs available in Kolkata. Leather goods, plastic toys, fancy silverware, jewelry, garments, fabric, confectionery, clothing, dry fruits, poultry products, fish, meat, flowers… you name it, you got it!

Look out for the little nuances, the shades of humor and wit and at times complete madness that makes Kolkata throb with life.

Kolkata - Facts at a Glance

State : West Bengal, India
Area : 1380 sq km
Temperature : 24 C – 38 C (summer)
12 C – 27 C (winter)
Altitude : 17 ft
Language : Bengali, Hindi, English
Best Season :
October – March; During Durga Puja celebrations when the whole Kolkata is at its liveliest.

MakeMyTrip, your trusted travel partner provides best air deals for Kolkata , India and helps you book heritage hotels across Kolkata.

History of Kolkata

The first capital of the British in India, Kolkata does not have an ancient history like Delhi. Kolkata was established in 1686 when British moved to the small villages of Sutanati, Govindpur, and Kalikata from their trading port of Hooghly. Kolkata derived its name from the last of the settlements, Kalikata. Kolkata grew well until 1756 when Siraj-Ud-Daula (Nawab of Bengal) attacked the town and drove away the British. Lord Clive retook Kolkata and until 1911, Kolkata remained the capital of the British government in India. Being the center of power for so long created a unique culture and heritage of Kolkata, totally unlike any other city of India.

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