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Jaipur Rajasthan Travel Guide

Jaipur - The Destination

Set amidst the rugged hills of the Aravallis, Jaipur is the perfect gem in the desert of Rajasthan. It is as renowned for its marvelous architecture and township as it is for its spirited inhabitants.
Holidays In Jaipur India

This pink city (so called because of the pink colored buildings in the old city) offers myriad colours for you—in the vibrant traditional skirts of the Rajasthani women, in the bright turbans of the men folk, in the long rows of shops selling traditional handicrafts, ornaments and silverware.

One of the most romantic cities on the offer, its olde worlde charm transports you to an exotic period drama. Its 18th century bazaarslook  as  they  did  200  years  ago . King  Sawai  Jai  Singh II

established this fairy-tale city in the 1720s. A warrior, a statesman, mathematician, astronomer, the architect in him reflects itself in the meticulous planning of the city, with its broad open lanes and rectangular road intersections.

A shoppers paradise, the old city houses a number of markets which are not to be missed, including the Johari Bazaar, Bapu Bazaar, Tripolia and Chandpol Bazaar. Here, you must buy cotton fabrics, camel skin juttis and ittars.

It also has a number of landmarks including the Hawa Mahal, the Jantar Mantar, Sheesh Mahal, and several Forts, which speak tales of the bravery of kings and rulers.

You will experience within this city a unique synthesis of culture and live the memoirs of history. It is simply the ultimate beginning of your exploration of the mystic that is Rajasthan.

Jaipur - Facts at a Glance

State : Rajasthan
Area : 200.4 sq km
Language : Hindi, Urdu and English
Temperature : 22°C - 45°C (Summers)
8.3°C - 22°C (Winters)
Best Season :
October to March
History of Jaipur

The historic city of Jaipur or "The City of Victory" was founded in 1727 A.D. by the great Kachhawah ruler Maharaj Sawai Jai Singh II (1700 - 1747 A.D.), and named after him. The monarch was not only a great builder, but also a poet and an astronomer. Under his guidance, the city was designed by his talented architect Vidyadhar Bhattacharya, who gave shape to the creative aspirations of Sawai Jai Singh in the form of the dream city of Jaipur.

The city is rectangular in shape and divided into nine blocks on the basis of principles laid down in the "Shilpa Shastra", the ancient Indian treatise on architecture. Built on the pattern of a grid, the city has wide straight avenues, roads, streets and lanes and uniform rows of shops on either side at the main bazaar, all arranged in nine rectangular city sectors (Chokris). The principal monuments of Jaipur are concentrated in the centrally situated Palace area (Chokri Sarhad) in and around the City Palace. In course of time, the sunset-pink tinge of its walls, buildings and temples gave it the name Pink City.

Festivals in Jaipur

Jaipur, the city of fairs and festivals, lights, garlands, special welcome gates and shobhayaatras forever adorn the city. The year begins with the celebration of the festival of Makar Sankranti (January 14). Jaipurites are experts in kite flying. On this day, kites are flown by all, irrespective of age. It is indeed a treat to watch multicolored kites illuminate the skyline of this pink city. March-April witnesses the advent of Gangaur, dedicated to Gauri, a manifestation of Goddess Parvati and the consort of Lord Shiva. This festival, which is celebrated with pomp and gaiety, symbolizes bliss and marital happiness. If you are around to see this festival, you will see on the 17th day following Holi a grand procession taken out of the City Palace and Goddess Gauri carried in an elaborate palanquin led by colorfully attired elephants, camels and horses. Dancers, musicians, drumbeaters, bandsmen, and battle dressed chariots accompany the procession.

Another festival exclusively for women and dedicated to Goddess Parvati is Teej. Celebrated in August, the women dress in bright costumes and flock to the swings hung from trees. This festival marks the departure of Parvati from her parental home to return to her husband Lord Shiva, and is accompanied by elephants, camels and dancers joining the procession. Another of the main festivals which is celebrated with great show is the festival of lights, Deepawali, in October-November. The entire city is bathed in lights and crackers, so much so that the entire city will remind you of a glittering palace in the sky.
Teej festival in Jaipur

One festival you must watch out for is the Elephant Festival in March. The mighty animals stride majestically, displaying their decorated trunks and tusks. The festival begins with a procession of elephants, camels and horses, followed by folk dancers. The God worshipped on this occasion is Ganesh, the elephant son of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati.

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