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Chandigarh Travel Destination

  
 

Chandigarh - The Destination

The stretch of magnificent Blue Mountains of Shivalik is the first thing that will strike you when you approach Chandigarh. Marked distinctly by the hues of red, green, grey and blue, Chandigarh is the city of gardens and roses are the local favourites as they create a riot of colours.

Chandigarh was designed by legendary architect, Le Corbusier helped by a team of Indian architects and city planners. Situated in the northern part of the country, it is the capital city of two states-Punjab and Haryana-besides being a Union Territory in itself. Built in the tradition of historic new towns of India like Mandu, Fatehpur Sikri and Jaipur, Chandigarh, has developed an individual personality of its own in a very short span of 40 years.

Rock Garden - Chandigarh
Apart from its architectural brilliance, Chandigarh is famous for its Rock Garden. Built by artist Nek Chand in the 1970s using discarded concrete and tiles, it is a brilliant piece of urban art. For a small entry fee you can walk around the intricate 64-acre garden, where most of the sculptures and bizarre rock forms lend a magical atmosphere to the place.

Had enough of rocks and buildings? Step into Sector 16 for a walk in Zakir Gulab Baag(Zakir Rose Garden).At 30 acres and with 50,000

rose bushes, it is Asia's largest garden devoted to the rose. It's a blend of colors as over 1,600 species of the plant call it their home, fascinating not just humans, but a veritable who's who of the Insect world! Nature blooms at yet another place in Chandigarh - the Sukhna Lake. The 3 sq kms lake is man- made and is a popular destination for weekend outings and boating trips. Near the lake stands the ancient Chandi Devi temple, easily identifiable because of its pure white dome. The city has been named after Chandi Devi, the goddess of the temple.

Chandigarh's  unique charm has placed the city as a “must visit”  destination  in  traveler  lexicon, especially if one is traveling around North India. If you think Delhi and Agra were it , think again - and you'll also head straight for Chandigarh!

Chandigarh - Facts at a Glance

State : Union Territory
Area : 114 sq kms
Temperature : Max - 44C Min : 37 C (Summer)
Max- 15 C Min : 04 C (Winter)
Rainfall : 111.4 cm / yearly average
Altitude : 365 mts
Language : Punjabi, Hindi, English
Best Season : October to March

History of Chandigarh

The name of the city is derived from the Goddess of power known as Shri Chandika whose temple is on Chandigarh-Kalka Road. The temple is known by the name of Chandi Mandir. It is believed to be an ancient site and has a major religious significance for Hindus.

After India's independence from British rule, Punjab became a state without a capital. Though there was a temporary secretariat at Shimla in Himachal Pradesh, the political leadership decided on the construction of a modern and accessible capital. This was Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru's Dream City of modern India. The city was named as Chandigarh. This is the India’s first planned city.

The responsibility for the design was given to the French architect Le Corbusier. With the help of his cousin Pierre Jeanneret, and that of the English couple Maxwell Fry and Jane Drew (along with a number of Indian architects prominent amongst them Chief planner Narinder S. Lamba & Chief Engineer J.C. Verma) Chandigarh, the present capital, came into existence at the foothills of the Shivaliks (the first of three parallel chains of the Himalayas).

It was built in 1953 and serves as the capital of two states, i.e. Punjab and Haryana. It is administered by the Central Government and is hence classified as a Union Territory. Since 1986 there has been much talk about officially handling it to Punjab on the basis of demography. The issue however continues to be a matter of discussion with many political disputes.                             
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