Sikhism came into origin and the present city came to be known as Amritsar, legend has it
that this was the place where, Luv and Kush, the twin sons of Lord Ram, got education and
were taught the Ramayana by the learned sage V almiki.
Today Amritsar has evolved as a historical place and a religious hub of
the Sikhs. A major part of the city's history revolves around the Golden Temple. Guru Ram
Das is supposed to have selected the villages of Tung, Gumtala and Sutanwind to lay the foundation
of a new village, which would be a centre for the congregation of Sikhs. Initially, a tank
was dug that was completed by Guru Arjan Dev. On the orders of Guru Amar Das, Guru Ram Das
then built the Guru ka Chak or the Guru's residence. This House is today known
as the Guru ke Mahal (guru's palace). Guru Arjan Dev then invited traders, artistes
and craftsmen to settle down in at this place. The place came to be known as Ramdaspur at that
time. Later on when the sacred tank (Amrit Sarovar) was completed, Ramdaspur was
Prior to independence, Lahore, which is now a part of Pakistan, and Amritsar were the major
educational centers of the country. The Hindu College, Khalsa College, DAV College and many
other institutes in Amritsar still enjoy universal repute.
Amritsar has also been a major centre of Indian independence struggle and the
courageous people of the city actively participated in the freedom struggle. In AD 1947, the entire
city of Amritsar strongly protested against the partitioning of Punjab between India and
Pakistan and had to face riots and bloodshed for a long time that year.