Masjid - The Jama Masjid of Ahmedabad is one of the biggest and oldest mosque for
Friday prayers. Built by Sultan Ahmed Shah in 1423, the mosque is situated in the centre of
the old city. It is one of the finest mosques in India with 260 pillars supporting 15 domes
at different elevations. There is a spacious courtyard in marble. Originally, the mosque
also had minarets, which were ruined in an earthquake.
Rani Sipri's mosque - This small mosque is also known as the Masjid-
e- Nagina , or jewel of a mosque , because of its extremely
graceful and perfectly finished design. It is yet another beautiful
example of Hindu art in a Muslim monument.
Sidi Saiyad's Mosque
- This elegant mosque is known for its twin windows of pierced stone,
worked in the style of a tree with palm leaves and curving tendrils. A splendid and matchless example
of delicate carving that transforms stone into filigree, it was constructed by Sidi Saiyad, a slave of Ahmed
Shah, and has beautiful carved stone windows portraying the complex interweaving of the branches of a tree.
Sidi Bashir's mosque - One of the most popular monuments in Ahemdabad is the Sidi
Bashirs mosque, known as the mosque with shaking minarets or Jhulta minars. Each minaret
of the mosque has three storeys, fastened by carved stone balconies. The master craftsmen of the period
crafted them in such a way that they respond to vibration communicated to the other via a stone
bridge joining both.
Tombs of Ahmed Shah and His Queens - The tomb (Badshah-no Hajiro) of Ahmed Shah;
the founder of the city, situated just outside the east gate of the Jama Masjid, is square shaped with
porticos on each side and has pierced stone windows. Women are not allowed into the central chamber.
Opposite the Hajiro, across the main road is the Rani-no Hajiro where the queens of subsequent
Sultans were buried.
Ahmed Shah's Mosque - Dating from 1414, this was one of the earliest mosques to be
built on the site of a Hindu temple, using parts of that temple in its construction.
Rupmati Masjid - Rani Rupmati's mosque situated north of the city centre, gets its name after the Hindu wife
of Sultan Mahmud Begado. The mosque was built between 1430 and 1440 and epitomizes a harmonious
fusion of Hindu and Muslim styles. It has three domes supported by pillars with the central
domes slightly elevated which allows natural light to enter the mosque. This mosque too lost
its minarets in the earthquake of 1818.
Roza of Sarkhej - Situated in a suburb of Ahmedabad, the Roza contains
the tomb of the Sultan Mahmud Begado. The adjoining tomb of Ahmed Khattu Gang Baksh, a Muslim saint, who
helped Ahmed Shah to build the city of Ahmedabad, has a great central dome and a shrine with finely
carved brass latticework.
The Roza of Shah Alam - This is another tombstone built in memory of the Muslim
saint, Shah Alam. The Roza is supposed to have been built by the brother of the Moghul empress, Noor Jahan,
wife of Jahangir. The complex of the Roza is said to contain the Footprints of the Prophet, in marble.
Bhadra Fort and Teen Darwaja - Built by the city's founder, Ahmed Shah, in 1411
and later named after the goddess Bhadra, an incarnation of Kali, this fort originally had royal palaces and
a garden. It now houses government offices. To the east of the fort stands the triple gateway or Teen
Darwaja, from which sultans used to watch processions from the palace to the Jama Masjid. The royal entrance
is triple arched and ornately carved.
Huthising Temple - Apart from the Muslim monuments, Ahmedbad contains
a number of Hindu and Jain temples. The Jain shrine, known as the Huthising temple, is one of them. Constructed
by Shri Kesarising Huthising in 1848 this temple is dedicated to Dharmanath, the 15th Jain Tirtankra.
The main temple here is surrounded by 52 small temples.
Kankaria Lake -
Southeast of the city, this circular artificial lake, with an island summer palace was constructed in 1451
by Sultan Qutub-ud-Din. There's a huge zoo and children's park by the lake, and the Ghatamandal (pavilion)
in the centre houses an aquarium.
Narayan Temple - Enclosed in a large courtyard, this temple dates back
to 1850. To the south of this Hindu Temple are the nine tombs known as the Nau Gaz Pir, or Nine
Shahi Bag - Once a part of an extensive garden it today houses the
State Governor. The garden with royal palaces and a wall surrounding them was constructed by the great
builder, Shah Jahan and is also associated with the poet Rabindranath Tagore who as a boy stayed here
with his elder brother, before leaving his famous story "The hungry stones"
Sabarmathi Ashram - 7km from the centre town, on the west bank of the
Sabarmati River, it was from here, in 1930, that the Mahatma began his famous 'Dandi March' to the sea
to protest against the Salt Tax imposed by the British. His ashram was founded in 1915 and is still involved
in making handicrafts, handmade paper and spinning wheels. The Gandhi Ashram has a memorial centre, library
and a Sound-and-Light (Son et Lumiere) display to offer to its visitors. There's also a bookshop
selling books by and about Mahatma. The small house in the Ashram where Mahatma Gandhi lived, 'Hridaya
Kunj' is preserved as a national monument.
Calico Museum - The exceptional Calico Museum of Textiles is one of
the best textile museums in the world. Constructed in 1949, it houses the finest fabrics spun, woven,
printed and painted in different parts of India during past five centuries. Also to be found on display are
old weaving machines. The museum is in Sarabhai House, a former mansion in the Shahi Bagh Gardens.